A reference architecture model, i.e. a uniform conceptual and methodological structure, forms a basis for ensuring that the experts involved from the various disciplines master this complexity and speak a common language. It creates a common structure for the uniform description and specification of concrete system architectures.
RAMI 4.0 is a three-dimensional consolidation of the most important aspects of Industrie 4.0, ensuring that all participants in Industrie 4.0 share a common perspective and build a common understanding.
The Reference Architecture Model Industrie 4.0, RAMI 4.0 in shortened form, consists of a three-dimensional coordinate system that contains the essential aspects of Industrie 4.0. Complex relationships can thus be broken down into smaller, manageable packages.
Axis "Hierarchy Levels"
On the right horizontal axis are the hierarchical levels from IEC 62264, the international series of norms on the integration of company IT and control systems. These hierarchy levels represent the different functionalities within the factory or plant.
Axis "Life Cycle & Value Stream"
The left horizontal axis represents the life cycle of plants and products. The basis for this is IEC 62890 on life cycle management. A distinction is also made between type and instance. A "type" becomes an "instance" when the development and prototype production is completed and the actual product is manufactured in the production department.
With the help of the six layers on the vertical axis of the model, the IT representation, i.e. the digital image of a machine, for example, is described in a structured way layer by layer. The representation in layers comes from information and communication technology. In this field it is common practice to structure complex products in layers.
The three axes represent all essential aspects of Industrie 4.0. They make it possible to classify an object such as a machine in the model. Thus, highly flexible Industrie 4.0 concepts can be described and implemented with RAMI 4.0. The Reference Architecture Model allows a step-by-step migration from the actual to the Industrie 4.0 world.
Successful mapping of the internationally recognized pre-norm RAMI 4.0 (IEC PAS 63088) with nationally developed reference architectures of other countries.
Meanwhile RAMI 4.0 has been successfully introduced in national and international standardization committees and cooperations, initially as international IEC PAS 63088.
On this basis, a positioning of the IEC PAS 63088 with RAMI 4.0 and Asset Administrative Shell to the internationally adequately developed reference architecture models of other countries was worked out. Subsequently, the ISO/IEC Joint Working Group 21 was constituted in order to consistently design and merge the Reference Architecture Models currently relevant on the ISO and IEC side. On these analyses, further aspects from the field of "Smart Manufacturing" are identified and transferred to the Smart Manufacturing Reference Model (SMRM). On this basis, a "metalanguage" of concepts and important relationships can be characterized, which offers the Smart Manufacturing user a free space over abstraction.
The final results, initially as TR and subsequently as TS, are expected by mid 2020.
German Expert Committee
International Expert Committee
The previous edition of the Standardization Roadmap already pointed out the heterogeneity of solutions for reference architecture models. In the Industrie 4.0 environment in particular, there was and still is a need for harmonization. Internationally, working groups and committees such as ISO/IEC JTC1/AG8, ISO/IEC JWG 21 and ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC41 are dealing with this. The main objective of these activities is to develop a strategy for harmonizing current standards for reference architectures in order to achieve a common understanding of the properties of reference architecture models and related standards.
National, this activity is mirrored in DIN NA 043-01-41 AA.
In order to make the Internet of Things and Services possible, an accurate representation, including clear rules, of the objects of the physical world in the information world is needed.
The Platform Industrie 4.0 has been working on this issue from a very early stage and has become the focus of attention.
In the meantime, there are countless individual publications on this topic, a bound version such as this one is unique to date. This book deals with the characterization of objects in the world of information and provides rules for the informatic representation of these objects.
The German as well as the English version are published by Beuth Verlag.
It combines the contents of diverse documents from the various working groups, puts them in relation to each other and thus enables the reader to gain a comprehensive understanding of the technology of Industry 4.0.
About the authors:
After studying electrical engineering, Roland Heidel joined Siemens in 1977 in the Industrial Communications Systems Development department. Among other things, he was technical project manager of the joint project Fieldbus for the realization of the industrial field communication system Profibus and head of several EU projects on topics of industrial automation technology, especially in the field of product-based engineering. He was head of an apron department and, until he left Siemens AG, head of the Standards & Regulations department.
Dr Michael Hoffmeister
Michael Hoffmeister studied computer science at the Technical University of Karlsruhe and worked as a freelance developer of real-time systems. He then worked as a researcher and project manager at the Fraunhofer Institute IPA in Stuttgart, where he received his doctorate in 2012. Since then he has been responsible for portfolio management for software tools for the component manufacturer Festo. His current professional interest lies in engineering platforms for mechatronic systems.
Martin Hankel has a degree in electrical engineering with a focus on control engineering as well as an additional course of study for a Master of Business Marketing. He has held various positions at Hoechst AG, AEG and Schneider electric. Today, he is project manager for Industrie 4.0 Technology at Bosch Rexroth AG. In addition, he has been active since 2012 and is involved in many publications of the various committees on the Industrie 4.0 reference architecture, including the Plattform Industrie 4.0, ZVEI, VDI, VDMA, DIN and DKE.
Udo Döbrich started at Siemens in 1980 after studying computer science in the apron development department of the industrial division. There he was responsible for testing and implementing new technologies in automation engineering and their standards. As head of the IEC working group "Digital Factory" he created in his working group with the documents IEC TR 62794 and IEC 62832 essential basics for modelling for data technical component descriptions as they are also used in Industrie 4.0.
Security in RAMI4.0
An orientation guideline for digitisation
The Reference Architecture Model Industrie 4.0